The Gospel of Philip
Translated by Wesley W. Isenberg
A Hebrew makes another Hebrew, and such a person is called "proselyte". But a proselyte
does not make another proselyte. [...] just as they [...] and make others like themselves,
while others simply exist.
The slave seeks only to be free, but he does not hope to acquire the estate of his master.
But the son is not only a son but lays claim to the inheritance of the father. Those who are
heirs to the dead are themselves dead, and they inherit the dead. Those who are heirs to
what is living are alive, and they are heirs to both what is living and the dead. The dead are
heirs to nothing. For how can he who is dead inherit? If he who is dead inherits what is living
he will not die, but he who is dead will live even more.
A Gentile does not die, for he has never lived in order that he may die. He who has
believed in the truth has found life, and this one is in danger of dying, for he is alive. Since
Christ came, the world has been created, the cities adorned, the dead carried out. When we
were Hebrews, we were orphans and had only our mother, but when we became Christians,
we had both father and mother.
Those who sow in winter reap in summer. The winter is the world, the summer the other Aeon
(eternal realm). Let us sow in the world that we may reap in the summer. Because of this, it
is fitting for us not to pray in the winter. Summer follows winter. But if any man reap in winter
he will not actually reap but only pluck out, since it will not provide a harvest for such a
person. It is not only [...] that it will [...] come forth, but also on the Sabbath [...] is barren.
Christ came to ransom some, to save others, to redeem others. He ransomed those who
were strangers and made them his own. And he set his own apart, those whom he gave as
a pledge according to his plan. It was not only when he appeared that he voluntarily laid
down his life, but he voluntarily laid down his life from the very day the world came into
being. Then he came first in order to take it, since it had been given as a pledge. It fell into
the hands of robbers and was taken captive, but he saved it. He redeemed the good
people in the world as well as the evil.
Light and Darkness, life and death, right and left, are brothers of one another. They are
inseparable. Because of this neither are the good good, nor evil evil, nor is life life, nor
death death. For this reason each one will dissolve into its earliest origin. But those who
are exalted above the world are indissoluble, eternal.
Names given to the worldly are very deceptive, for they divert our thoughts from what
is correct to what is incorrect. Thus one who hears the word "God" does not perceive what
is correct, but perceives what is incorrect. So also with "the Father" and "the Son" and "the
Holy Spirit" and "life" and "light" and "resurrection" and "the Church (Ekklesia)" and all the
rest — people do not perceive what is correct but they perceive what is incorrect, unless
they have come to know what is correct. The names which are heard are in the world [...]
deceive. If they were in the Aeon (eternal realm), they would at no time be used as names in
the world. Nor were they set among worldly things. They have an end in the Aeon.
One single name is not uttered in the world, the name which the Father gave to the Son; it
is the name above all things: the name of the Father. For the Son would not become Father
unless he wore the name of the Father. Those who have this name know it, but they do not
speak it. But those who do not have it do not know it.
But truth brought names into existence in the world for our sakes, because it is not possible
to learn it (truth) without these names. Truth is one single thing; it is many things and for our
sakes to teach about this one thing in love through many things. The rulers (archons)
wanted to deceive man, since they saw that he had a kinship with those that are truly good.
They took the name of those that are good and gave it to those that are not good, so that
through the names they might deceive him and bind them to those that are not good. And
afterward, what a favor they do for them! They make them be removed from those that are
not good and place them among those that are good. These things they knew, for they
wanted to take the free man and make him a slave to them forever.
These are powers which [...] man, not wishing him to be saved, in order that they may [...].
For if man is saved, there will not be any sacrifices [...] and animals will not be offered to
the powers. Indeed, the animals were the ones to whom they sacrificed. They were indeed
offering them up alive, but when they offered them up, they died. As for man, they offered
him up to God dead, and he lived.
Before Christ came, there was no bread in the world, just as Paradise, the place were Adam
was, had many trees to nourish the animals but no wheat to sustain man. Man used to feed
like the animals, but when Christ came, the perfect man, he brought bread from heaven in
order that man might be nourished with the food of man. The rulers thought that it was by
their own power and will that they were doing what they did, but the Holy Spirit in secret was
accomplishing everything through them as it wished. Truth, which existed since the
beginning, is sown everywhere. And many see it being sown, but few are they who see it
Some said, "Mary conceived by the Holy Spirit." They are in error. They do not know what
they are saying. When did a woman ever conceive by a woman? Mary is the virgin whom
no power defiled. She is a great anathema to the Hebrews, who are the apostles and the
apostolic men. This virgin whom no power defiled [...] the powers defile themselves. And the
Lord would not have said "My Father who is in Heaven" (Mt 16:17), unless he had had
another father, but he would have said simply "My father".
The Lord said to the disciples, "[...] from every house. Bring into the house of the Father.
But do not take (anything) in the house of the Father nor carry it off."
"Jesus" is a hidden name, "Christ" is a revealed name. For this reason "Jesus" is not
particular to any language; rather he is always called by the name "Jesus". While as for
"Christ", in Syriac it is "Messiah", in Greek it is "Christ". Certainly all the others have it
according to their own language. "The Nazarene" is he who reveals what is hidden. Christ
has everything in himself, whether man, or angel, or mystery, and the Father.
Those who say that the Lord died first and (then) rose up are in error, for he rose up first
and (then) died. If one does not first attain the resurrection, he will not die. As God lives,
he would [...].
No one will hide a large valuable object in something large, but many a time one has
tossed countless thousands into a thing worth a penny. Compare the soul. It is a precious
thing and it came to be in a contemptible body.
Some are afraid lest they rise naked. Because of this they wish to rise in the flesh, and
they do not know that it is those who wear the flesh who are naked. It is those who [...] to
unclothe themselves who are not naked. "Flesh and blood shall not inherit the kingdom of
God" (1 Co 15:50). What is this which will not inherit? This which is on us. But what is this,
too, which will inherit? It is that which belongs to Jesus and his blood. Because of this he
said "He who shall not eat my flesh and drink my blood has not life in him" (Jn 6:53). What
is it? His flesh is the word, and his blood is the Holy Spirit. He who has received these has
food and he has drink and clothing. I find fault with the others who say that it will not rise.
Then both of them are at fault. You say that the flesh will not rise. But tell me what will rise,
that we may honor you. You say the Spirit in the flesh, and it is also this light in the flesh.
(But) this too is a matter which is in the flesh, for whatever you shall say, you say nothing
outside the flesh. It is necessary to rise in this flesh, since everything exists in it. In this
world, those who put on garments are better than the garments. In the Kingdom of Heaven,
the garments are better than those that put them on.
It is through water and fire that the whole place is purified — the visible by the visible, the
hidden by the hidden. There are some things hidden through those visible. There is water in
water, there is fire in chrism.
Jesus took them all by stealth, for he did not appear as he was, but in the manner in which
they would be able to see him. He appeared to them all. He appeared to the great as great.
He appeared to the small as small. He appeared to the angels as an angel, and to men as
a man. Because of this, his word hid itself from everyone. Some indeed saw him, thinking
that they were seeing themselves, but when he appeared to his disciples in glory on the
mount, he was not small. He became great, but he made the disciples great, that they
might be able to see him in his greatness.
He said on that day in the thanksgiving, "You who have joined the perfect light with the
Holy Spirit, unite the angels with us also, as being the images." Do not despise the lamb,
for without it, it is not possible to see the king. No one will be able to go in to the king if he
The heavenly man has many more sons than the earthly man. If the sons of Adam are many,
although they die, how much more the sons of the perfect man, they who do not die but are
always begotten. The father makes a son, and the son has not the power to make a son.
For he who has been begotten has not the power to beget, but the son gets brothers for
himself, not sons. All who are begotten in the world are begotten in a natural way, and the
others are nourished from the place whence they have been born. It is from being promised
to the heavenly place that man receives nourishment. [...] him from the mouth. And had the
word gone out from that place, it would be nourished from the mouth and it would become
perfect. For it is by a kiss that the perfect conceive and give birth. For this reason we also
kiss one another. We receive conception from the grace which is in one another.
There were three who always walked with the Lord: Mary, his mother, and her sister, and
Magdalene, the one who was called his companion. His sister and his mother and his
companion were each a Mary.
"The Father" and "the Son" are single names; "the Holy Spirit" is a double name. For they
are everywhere: they are above, they are below; they are in the concealed, they are in the
revealed. The Holy Spirit is in the revealed: it is below. It is in the concealed: it is above.
The saints are served by evil powers, for they are blinded by the Holy Spirit into thinking
that they are serving an (ordinary) man whenever they do so for the saints. Because of this,
a disciple asked the Lord one day for something of this world. He said to him, "Ask your
mother, and she will give you of the things which are another's."
The apostles said to the disciples, "May our entire offering obtain salt." They called Sophia
"salt". Without it, no offering is acceptable. But Sophia is barren, without child. For this
reason, she is called "a trace of salt". Wherever they will [...] in their own way, the Holy
Spirit [...], and her children are many.
What the father possesses belongs to the son, and the son himself, so long as he is small,
is not entrusted with what is his. But when he becomes a man, his father gives him all that he
Those who have gone astray, whom the spirit begets, usually go astray also because of
the Spirit. Thus, by one and the same breath, the fire blazes and is put out.
Echamoth is one thing and Echmoth, another. Echamoth is Wisdom simply, but Echmoth
is the Wisdom of death, which is the one who knows death, which is called "the little
There are domestic animals, like the bull and the ass and others of this kind. Others are
wild and live apart in the deserts. Man ploughs the field by means of the domestic animals,
and from this he is nourished, he and the animals, whether tame or wild. Compare the perfect
man. It is through powers which are submissive that he ploughs, preparing for everything to
come into being. For it is because of this that the whole place stands, whether the good or
the evil, the right and the left. The Holy Spirit shepherds everyone and rules all the powers,
the "tame" ones and the "wild" ones, as well as those which are unique. For indeed he [...]
shuts them in, in order that [...] wish, they will not be able to escape.
He who has been created is beautiful, but you would <not> find his sons noble
creations. If he were not created, but begotten, you would find that his seed was noble. But
now he was created (and) he begot. What nobility is this? First, adultery came into being,
afterward murder. And he was begotten in adultery, for he was the child of the Serpent. So
he became a murderer, just like his father, and he killed his brother. Indeed, every act of
sexual intercourse which has occurred between those unlike one another is adultery.
God is a dyer. As the good dyes, which are called "true", dissolve with the things dyed in
them, so it is with those whom God has dyed. Since his dyes are immortal, they become
immortal by means of his colors. Now God dips what he dips in water.
It is not possible for anyone to see anything of the things that actually exist unless he
becomes like them. This is not the way with man in the world: he sees the sun without being
a sun; and he sees the heaven and the earth and all other things, but he is not these things.
This is quite in keeping with the truth. But you saw something of that place, and you became
those things. You saw the Spirit, you became spirit. You saw Christ, you became Christ.
You saw the Father, you shall become Father. So in this place you see everything and do
not see yourself, but in that place you do see yourself — and what you see you shall become.
Faith receives, love gives. No one will be able to receive without faith. No one will be able
to give without love. Because of this, in order that we may indeed receive, we believe, and
in order that we may love, we give, since if one gives without love, he has no profit from
what he has given. He who has received something other than the Lord is still a Hebrew.
The apostles who were before us had these names for him: "Jesus, the Nazorean,
Messiah", that is, "Jesus, the Nazorean, the Christ". The last name is "Christ", the first is
"Jesus", that in the middle is "the Nazarene". "Messiah" has two meanings, both "the
Christ" and "the measured". "Jesus" in Hebrew is "the redemption". "Nazara" is "the
Truth". "The Nazarene" then, is "the Truth". "Christ" [...] has been measured. "The
Nazarene" and "Jesus" are they who have been measured.
When the pearl is cast down into the mud, it becomes greatly despised, nor if it is anointed
with balsam oil will it become more precious. But it always has value in the eyes of its
owner. Compare the Sons of God: wherever they may be, they still have value in the eyes of
If you say, "I am a Jew," no one will be moved. If you say, "I am a Roman," no one will be
disturbed. If you say, "I am a Greek, a barbarian, a slave, a free man," no one will be
troubled. If you say, "I am a Christian," the [...] will tremble. Would that I might [...] like that —
the person whose name [...] will not be able to endure hearing.
God is a man-eater. For this reason, men are sacrificed to him. Before men were sacrificed,
animals were being sacrificed, since those to whom they were sacrificed were not gods.
Glass decanters and earthenware jugs are both made by means of fire. But if glass
decanters break, they are done over, for they came into being through a breath. If
earthenware jugs break, however, they are destroyed, for they came into being without
An ass which turns a millstone did a hundred miles walking. When it was loosed, it found
that it was still at the same place. There are men who make many journeys, but make no
progress towards any destination. When evening came upon them, they saw neither city
nor village, neither human artifact nor natural phenomenon, power nor angel. In vain have
the wretches labored.
The eucharist is Jesus. For he is called in Syriac "Pharisatha," which is "the one who is
spread out," for Jesus came to crucify the world.
The Lord went into the dye works of Levi. He took seventy-two different colors and threw
them into the vat. He took them out all white. And he said, "Even so has the Son of Man
come as a dyer."
As for the Wisdom who is called "the barren," she is the mother of the angels. And the
companion of the [...] Mary Magdalene. [...] loved her more than all the disciples, and used
to kiss her often on her mouth. The rest of the disciples [...]. They said to him "Why do you
love her more than all of us?" The Savior answered and said to them,"Why do I not love
you like her? When a blind man and one who sees are both together in darkness, they are
no different from one another. When the light comes, then he who sees will see the light,
and he who is blind will remain in darkness."
The Lord said, "Blessed is he who is before he came into being. For he who is, has been
and shall be."
The superiority of man is not obvious to the eye, but lies in what is hidden from view.
Consequently, he has mastery over the animals which are stronger than he is and great in
terms of the obvious and the hidden. This enables them to survive. But if man is separated
from them, they slay one another and bite one another. They ate one another because they
did not find any food. But now they have found food because man tilled the soil.
If one goes down into the water and comes up without having received anything, and says
"I am a Christian," he has borrowed the name at interest. But if he receives the Holy Spirit,
he has the name as a gift. He who has received a gift does not have to give it back, but of
him who has borrowed it at interest, payment is demanded. This is the way it happens to
one when he experiences a mystery.
Great is the mystery of marriage! For without it, the world would not exist. Now the existence
of the world [...], and the existence of [...] marriage. Think of the [...] relationship, for it
possesses [...] power. Its image consists of a defilement.
The forms of evil spirit include male ones and female ones. The males are they which unite
with the souls which inhabit a female form, but the females are they which are mingled with
those in a male form, though one who was disobedient. And none shall be able to escape
them, since they detain him if he does not receive a male power or a female power, the
bridegroom and the bride. One receives them from the mirrored bridal chamber. When the
wanton women see a male sitting alone, they leap down on him and play with him and
defile him. So also the lecherous men, when they see a beautiful woman sitting alone, they
persuade her and compel her, wishing to defile her. But if they see the man and his wife
sitting beside one another, the female cannot come into the man, nor can the male come
into the woman. So if the image and the angel are united with one another, neither can any
venture to go into the man or the woman.
He who comes out of the world, and so can no longer be detained on the grounds that he
was in the world, evidently is above the desire of the [...] and fear. He is master over [...].
He is superior to envy. If [...] comes, they seize him and throttle him. And how will this one be
able to escape the great [...] powers? How will he be able to [...]? There are some who say,
"We are faithful" in order that [...] the unclean spirits and the demons. For if they had the
Holy Spirit, no unclean spirit would cleave to them. Fear not the flesh nor love it. If you fear
it, it will gain mastery over you. If you love it, it will swallow and paralyze you.
And so he dwells either in this world or in the resurrection or in the middle place. God forbid
that I be found in there! In this world, there is good and evil. Its good things are not good,
and its evil things not evil. But there is evil after this world which is truly evil — what is called
"the middle". It is death. While we are in this world, it is fitting for us to acquire the
resurrection, so that when we strip off the flesh, we may be found in rest and not walk in the
middle. For many go astray on the way. For it is good to come forth from the world before
one has sinned.
There are some who neither will nor have the power to; and others who, if they will, do not
profit; for they did not act since [...] makes them sinners. And if they do not will, justice will
elude them in both cases: and it is always a matter of the will, not the act.
An apostolic man in a vision saw some people shut up in a house of fire and bound with
fiery [...], lying [...] flaming [...], them in [...] faith [...]. And he said to them, "[...] able to be
saved?" [...], "They did not desire it. They received [...] punishment, what is called 'the [...]
darkness', because he [...]."
It is from water and fire that the soul and the spirit came into being. It is from water and fire
and light that the son of the bridal chamber (came into being). The fire is the chrism, the light
is the fire. I am not referring to that fire which has no form, but to the other fire whose form is
white, which is bright and beautiful, and which gives beauty.
Truth did not come into the world naked, but it came in types and images. The world will not
receive truth in any other way. There is a rebirth and an image of rebirth. It is certainly
necessary to be born again through the image. Which one? Resurrection. The image must
rise again through the image. The bridal chamber and the image must enter through the
image into the truth: this is the restoration. Not only must those who produce the name of the
Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, do so, but have produced them for you. If one does
not acquire them, the name ("Christian") will also be taken from him. But one receives the
unction of the [...] of the power of the cross. This power the apostles called "the right and
the left." For this person is no longer a Christian but a Christ.
The Lord did everything in a mystery, a baptism and a chrism and a eucharist and a
redemption and a bridal chamber. [...] he said, "I came to make the things below like the
things above, and the things outside like those inside. I came to unite them in the place."
[...] here through types [...]and images.
Those who say, "There is a heavenly man and there is one above him" are wrong. For it is
the first of these two heavenly men, the one who is revealed, that they call "the one who is
below"; and he to whom the hidden belongs is that one who is above him. For it would be
better for them to say, "The inner and outer, and what is outside the outer". Because of this,
the Lord called destruction the "the outer darkness": there is not another outside of it. He
said, "My Father who is in secret". He said, "Go into your chamber and shut the door
behind you, and pray to your Father who is in secret" (Mt 6:6), the one who is within them
all. But that which is within them all is the fullness. Beyond it, there is nothing else within it.
This is that of which they say, "That which is above them".
Before Christ, some came from a place they were no longer able to enter, and they went
where they were no longer able to come out. Then Christ came. Those who went in, he
brought out, and those who went out, he brought in.
When Eve was still with Adam, death did not exist. When she was separated from him,
death came into being. If he enters again and attains his former self, death will be no more.
"My God, my God, why, O Lord, have you forsaken me?" (Mk 15:34). It was on the cross
that he said these words, for he had departed from that place.
[...] who has been begotten through him who [...] from God.
The [...] from the dead. [...] to be, but now [...] perfect. [...] flesh, but this [...] is true flesh. [...]
is not true, but [...] only possess an image of the true.
A bridal chamber is not for the animals, nor is it for the slaves, nor for defiled women; but it
is for free men and virgins.
Through the Holy Spirit we are indeed begotten again, but we are begotten through Christ in
the two. We are anointed through the Spirit. When we were begotten, we were united. None
can see himself either in water or in a mirror without light. Nor again can you see in light
without mirror or water. For this reason, it is fitting to baptize in the two, in the light and the
water. Now the light is the chrism.
There were three buildings specifically for sacrifice in Jerusalem. The one facing the west
was called "The Holy". Another, facing south, was called "The Holy of the Holy". The third,
facing east, was called "The Holy of the Holies", the place where only the high priest
enters. Baptism is "the Holy" building. Redemption is the "Holy of the Holy". "The Holy of
the Holies" is the bridal chamber. Baptism includes the resurrection and the redemption;
the redemption (takes place) in the bridal chamber. But the bridal chamber is in that which
is superior to [...] you will not find [...] are those who pray [...] Jerusalem who [...] Jerusalem,
[...] those called the "Holy of the Holies" [...] the veil was rent, [...] bridal chamber except
the image [...] above. Because of this, its veil was rent from top to bottom. For it was fitting
for some from below to go upward.
The powers do not see those who are clothed in the perfect light, and consequently are
not able to detain them. One will clothe himself in this light sacramentally in the union.
If the woman had not separated from the man, she should not die with the man. His
separation became the beginning of death. Because of this, Christ came to repair the
separation, which was from the beginning, and again unite the two, and to give life to those
who died as a result of the separation, and unite them. But the woman is united to her
husband in the bridal chamber. Indeed, those who have united in the bridal chamber will no
longer be separated. Thus Eve separated from Adam because it was not in the bridal
chamber that she united with him.
The soul of Adam came into being by means of a breath. The partner of his soul is the
spirit. His mother is the thing that was given to him. His soul was taken from him and
replaced by a spirit. When he was united (to the spirit), he spoke words incomprehensible
to the powers. They envied him [...] spiritual partner [...] hidden [...] opportunity [...] for
themselves alone [...] bridal chamber, so that [...].
Jesus appeared [...] Jordan — the fullness of the Kingdom of Heaven. He who was begotten
before everything, was begotten anew. He who was once anointed, was anointed anew. He
who was redeemed, in turn redeemed (others).
Indeed, one must utter a mystery. The Father of everything united with the virgin who came
down, and a fire shone for him on that day. He appeared in the great bridal chamber.
Therefore his body came into being on that very day. It left the bridal chamber as one who
came into being from the bridegroom and the bride. So Jesus established everything in it
through these. It is fitting for each of the disciples to enter into his rest.
Adam came into being from two virgins, from the Spirit and from the virgin earth. Christ
therefore, was born from a virgin to rectify the Fall which occurred in the beginning.
There are two trees growing in Paradise. The one bears animals, the other bears men.
Adam ate from the tree which bore animals. He became an animal and he brought forth
animals. For this reason the children of Adam worship animals. The tree [...] fruit is [...]
increased. [...] ate the [...] fruit of the [...] bears men, [...] man. [...] God created man. [...]
men create God. That is the way it is in the world — men make gods and worship their
creation. It would be fitting for the gods to worship men!
Surely what a man accomplishes depends on his abilities. For this reason, we refer to one`s
accomplishments as "abilities". Among his accomplishments are his children. They
originate in a moment of ease. Thus his abilities determine what he may accomplish, but
this ease is clearly evident in the children. You will find that this applies directly to the
image. Here is the man made after the image accomplishing things with his physical
strength, but producing his children with ease.
In this world, the slaves serve the free. In the Kingdom of Heaven, the free will minister to the
slaves: the children of the bridal chamber will minister to the children of the marriage. The
children of the bridal chamber have just one name: rest. Altogether, they need take no other
form, because they have contemplation, [...]. They are numerous [...] in the things [...] the
Those [...] go down into the water. [...] out (of the water), will consecrate it, [...] they who
have [...] in his name. For he said, "Thus we should fulfill all righteousness." (Mt 3:15)
Those who say they will die first and then rise are in error. If they do not first receive the
resurrection while they live, when they die they will receive nothing. So also when speaking
about baptism they say, "Baptism is a great thing," because if people receive it they will
Philip the apostle said, "Joseph the carpenter planted a garden because he needed wood
for his trade. It was he who made the cross from the trees which he planted. His own
offspring hung on that which he planted. His offspring was Jesus, and the planting was the
cross." But the Tree of Life is in the middle of the Garden. However, it is from the olive tree
that we got the chrism, and from the chrism, the resurrection.
This world is a corpse-eater. All the things eaten in it themselves die also. Truth is a
life-eater. Therefore no one nourished by truth will die. It was from that place that Jesus
came and brought food. To those who so desired, he gave life, that they might not die.
God [...] garden. Man [...] garden. There are [...] and [...] of God. [...] The things which are in
[...] I wish. This garden is the place where they will say to me, "[...] eat this or do not eat
that, just as you wish." In the place where I will eat all things is the Tree of Knowledge. That
one killed Adam, but here the Tree of Knowledge made men alive. The law was the tree. It
has power to give the knowledge of good and evil. It neither removed him from evil, nor did
it set him in the good, but it created death for those who ate of it. For when he said, "Eat
this, do not eat that", it became the beginning of death.
The chrism is superior to baptism, for it is from the word "Chrism" that we have been called
"Christians," certainly not because of the word "baptism". And it is because of the chrism
that "the Christ" has his name. For the Father anointed the Son, and the Son anointed the
apostles, and the apostles anointed us. He who has been anointed possesses everything.
He possesses the resurrection, the light, the cross, the Holy Spirit. The Father gave him this
in the bridal chamber; he merely accepted (the gift). The Father was in the Son and the Son
in the Father. This is the Kingdom of Heaven.
The Lord said it well: "Some have entered the Kingdom of Heaven laughing, and they have
come out [...] because [...] a Christian, [...]. And as soon as [...] went down into the water, he
came [...] everything (of this world), [...] because he [...] a trifle, but [...] full of contempt for
this [...] the Kingdom of Heaven [...] If he despises [...], and scorns it as a trifle, [...] out
laughing. So it is also with the bread and the cup and the oil, even though there is another
one superior to these.
The world came about through a mistake. For he who created it wanted to create it
imperishable and immortal. He fell short of attaining his desire. For the world never was
imperishable, nor, for that matter, was he who made the world. For things are not
imperishable, but sons are. Nothing will be able to receive imperishability if it does not
first become a son. But he who has not the ability to receive, how much more will he be
unable to give?
The cup of prayer contains wine and water, since it is appointed as the type of the blood
for which thanks is given. And it is full of the Holy Spirit, and it belongs to the wholly perfect
man. When we drink this, we shall receive for ourselves the perfect man. The living water is
a body. It is necessary that we put on the living man. Therefore, when he is about to go
down into the water, he unclothes himself, in order that he may put on the living man.
A horse sires a horse, a man begets man, a god brings forth a god. Compare the
bridegroom and the bride. They have come from the [...]. No Jew [...] has existed. And [...]
from the Jews. [...] Christians [...] these [...] are referred to as "The chosen people of [...],"
and "The true man" and "Son of Man" and "the seed of the Son of Man". This true race is
renowned in the world [...] that the sons of the bridal chamber dwell.
Whereas in this world the union is one of husband with wife — a case of strength
complemented by weakness(?) — in the Aeon (eternal realm), the form of the union is
different, although we refer to them by the same names. There are other names, however;
they are superior to every other name that is named and are stronger than the strong. For
where there is a show of strength, there those who excel in strength appear. These are not
separate things, but both of them are this one single thing. This is the one which will not be
able to rise above the heart of flesh.
Is it not necessary for all those who possess everything to know themselves? Some indeed,
if they do not know themselves, will not enjoy what they possess. But those who have come
to know themselves will enjoy their possessions.
Not only will they be unable to detain the perfect man, but they will not be able to see him,
for if they see him, they will detain him. There is no other way for a person to acquire this
quality except by putting on the perfect light and he too becoming perfect light. He who has
put it on will enter [...]. This is the perfect [...] that we [...] become [...] before we leave [...].
Whoever receives everything [...] hither [...] be able [...] that place, but will [...] the Middle
as imperfect. Only Jesus knows the end of this person.
The priest is completely holy, down to his very body. For if he has taken the bread, he will
consecrate it. Or the cup or anything else that he gets, he will consecrate. Then how will he
not consecrate the body also?
By perfecting the water of baptism, Jesus emptied it of death. Thus we do go down into the
water, but we do not go down into death, in order that we may not be poured out into the
spirit of the world. When that spirit blows, it brings the winter. When the Holy Spirit breathes,
the summer comes.
He who has knowledge of the truth is a free man, but the free man does not sin, for "He who
sins is the slave of sin" (Jn 8:34). Truth is the mother, knowledge the father. Those who think
that sinning does not apply to them are called "free" by the world. Knowledge of the truth
merely makes such people arrogant, which is what the words, "it makes them free" mean. It
even gives them a sense of superiority over the whole world. But "Love builds up" (1 Co
8:1). In fact, he who is really free, through knowledge, is a slave, because of love to those
who have not yet been able to attain to the freedom of knowledge. Knowledge makes them
capable of becoming free. Love never calls something its own, [...] it [...] possess [...]. It
never says,"This is yours" or "This is mine," but "All these are yours". Spiritual love is
wine and fragrance. All those who anoint themselves with it take pleasure in it. While those
who are anointed are present, those nearby also profit (from the fragrance). If those
anointed with ointment withdraw from them and leave, then those not anointed, who merely
stand nearby, still remain in their bad odor. The Samaritan gave nothing but wine and oil to
the wounded man. It is nothing other than the ointment. It healed the wounds, for "love
covers a multitude of sins" (1 P 4:8).
The children a woman bears resemble the man who loves her. If her husband loves her,
then they resemble her husband. If it is an adulterer, then they resemble the adulterer.
Frequently, if a woman sleeps with her husband out of necessity, while her heart is with
the adulterer with whim she usually has intercourse, the child she will bear is born
resembling the adulterer. Now you who live together with the Son of God, love not the
world, but love the Lord, in order that those you will bring forth may not resemble the world,
but may resemble the Lord.
The human being has intercourse with the human being. The horse has intercourse with the
horse, the ass with the ass. Members of a race usually have associated with those of like
race. So spirit mingles with spirit, and thought consorts with thought, and light shares with
light. If you are born a human being, it is the human being who will love you. If you become
a spirit, it is the spirit which will be joined to you. If you become thought, it is thought which
will mingle with you. If you become light, it is the light which will share with you. If you
become one of those who belong above, it is those who belong above who will rest upon
you. If you become horse or ass or bull or dog or sheep, or another of the animals which
are outside or below, then neither human being nor spirit nor thought nor light will be able to
love you. Neither those who belong above nor those who belong within will be able to rest
in you, and you have no part in them.
He who is a slave against his will, will be able to become free. He who has become free by
favor of his master, and has sold himself into slavery, will no longer be able to be free.
Farming in the world requires the cooperation of four essential elements. A harvest is
gathered into the barn only as a result of the natural action of water, earth, wind and light.
God's farming likewise has four elements — faith, hope, love, and knowledge. Faith is our
earth, that in which we take root. And hope is the water through which we are nourished.
Love is the wind through which we grow. Knowledge, then, is the light through which we
ripen. Grace exists in four ways: it is earthborn; it is heavenly; [...] the highest heaven;
[...] in [...].
Blessed is the one who on no occasion caused a soul [...]. That person is Jesus Christ. He
came to the whole place and did not burden anyone. Therefore, blessed is the one who is
like this, because he is a perfect man. For the Word tells us that this kind is difficult to
define. How shall we be able to accomplish such a great thing? How will he give everyone
comfort? Above all, it is not proper to cause anyone distress — whether the person is great
or small, unbeliever or believer — and then give comfort only to those who take satisfaction
in good deeds. Some find it advantageous to give comfort to the one who has fared well.
He who does good deeds cannot give comfort to such people, for he does not seize
whatever he likes. He is unable to cause distress, however, since he does not afflict them.
To be sure, the one who fares well sometimes causes people distress — not that he intends
to do so; rather, it is their own wickedness which is responsible for their distress. He who
possesses the qualities (of the perfect man) bestows joy upon the good. Some, however,
are terribly distressed by all this.
There was a householder who had every conceivable thing, be it son or slave or cattle or
dog or pig or corn or barley or chaff or grass or [...] or meat and acorn. Now he was a
sensible fellow, and he knew what the food of each one was. He served the children bread
[...]. He served the slaves [...] and meal. And he threw barley and chaff and grass to the
cattle. He threw bones to the dogs, and to the pigs he threw acorns and slop. Compare the
disciple of God: if he is a sensible fellow, he understands what discipleship is all about.
The bodily forms will not deceive him, but he will look at the condition of the soul of each
one and speak with him. There are many animals in the world which are in a human form.
When he identifies them, to the swine he will throw acorns, to the cattle he will throw barley
and chaff and grass, to the dogs he will throw bones. To the slaves he will give only the
elementary lessons, to the children he will give the complete instruction.
There is the Son of Man and there is the son of the Son of Man. The Lord is the Son of Man,
and the son of the Son of Man is he who creates through the Son of Man. The Son of Man
received from God the capacity to create. He also has the ability to beget. He who has
received the ability to create is a creature. He who has received the ability to beget is an
offspring. He who creates cannot beget. He who begets also has power to create. Now
they say, "He who creates begets". But his so-called "offspring" is merely a creature.
Because of [...] of birth, they are not his offspring but [...]. He who creates works openly,
and he himself is visible. He who begets, begets in private, and he himself is hidden, since
[...] image. Also, he who creates, creates openly. But one who begets, begets children in
No one can know when the husband and the wife have intercourse with one another, except
the two of them. Indeed, marriage in the world is a mystery for those who have taken a wife.
If there is a hidden quality to the marriage of defilement, how much more is the undefiled
marriage a true mystery! It is not fleshly, but pure. It belongs not to desire, but to the will. It
belongs not to the darkness or the night, but to the day and the light. If a marriage is open to
the public, it has become prostitution, and the bride plays the harlot not only when she is
impregnated by another man, but even if she slips out of her bedroom and is seen. Let her
show herself only to her father and her mother, and to the friend of the bridegroom and the
sons of the bridegroom. These are permitted to enter every day into the bridal chamber.
But let the others yearn just to listen to her voice and to enjoy her ointment, and let them
feed from the crumbs that fall from the table, like the dogs. Bridegrooms and brides belong
to the bridal chamber. No one shall be able to see the bridegroom with the bride unless he
become such a one.
When Abraham [...] that he was to see what he was to see, he circumcised the flesh of the
foreskin, teaching us that it is proper to destroy the flesh.
Most things in the world, as long as their inner parts are hidden, stand upright and live. If
they are revealed, they die, as is illustrated by the visible man: as long as the intestines
of the man are hidden, the man is alive; when his intestines are exposed and come out of
him, the man will die. So also with the tree: while its root is hidden, it sprouts and grows. If
its root is exposed, the tree dries up. So it is with every birth that is in the world, not only
with the revealed but with the hidden. For so long as the root of wickedness is hidden, it is
strong. But when it is recognized, it is dissolved. When it is revealed, it perishes. That is
why the Word says, "Already the axe is laid at the root of the trees" (Mt 3:10). It will not
merely cut — what is cut sprouts again — but the ax penetrates deeply, until it brings up the
root. Jesus pulled out the root of the whole place, while others did it only partially. As for
ourselves, let each one of us dig down after the root of evil which is within one, and let one
pluck it out of one's heart from the root. It will be plucked out if we recognize it. But if we are
ignorant of it, it takes root in us and produces its fruit in our heart. It masters us. We are its
slaves. It takes us captive, to make us do what we do not want; and what we do want, we do
not do. It is powerful because we have not recognized it. While it exists it is active.
Ignorance is the mother of all evil. Ignorance will result in death, because those who come
from ignorance neither were nor are nor shall be. [...] will be perfect when all the truth is
revealed. For truth is like ignorance: while it is hidden, it rests in itself, but when it is
revealed and is recognized, it is praised, inasmuch as it is stronger than ignorance and
error. It gives freedom. The Word said, "If you know the truth, the truth will make you free"
(Jn 8:32). Ignorance is a slave. Knowledge is freedom. If we know the truth, we shall find the
fruits of the truth within us. If we are joined to it, it will bring our fulfillment.
At the present time, we have the manifest things of creation. We say, "The strong who are
held in high regard are great people. And the weak who are despised are the obscure."
Contrast the manifest things of truth: they are weak and despised, while the hidden things
are strong and held in high regard. The mysteries of truth are revealed, though in type and
image. The bridal chamber, however, remains hidden. It is the Holy in the Holy. The veil at
first concealed how God controlled the creation, but when the veil is rent and the things
inside are revealed, this house will be left desolate, or rather will be destroyed. And the
whole (inferior) godhead will flee from here, but not into the holies of the holies, for it will
not be able to mix with the unmixed light and the flawless fullness, but will be under the
wings of the cross and under its arms. This ark will be their salvation when the flood of
water surges over them. If some belong to the order of the priesthood, they will be able to
go within the veil with the high priest. For this reason, the veil was not rent at the top only,
since it would have been open only to those above; nor was it rent at the bottom only, since
it would have been revealed only to those below. But it was rent from the top to bottom.
Those above opened to us the things below, in order that we may go in to the secret of the
truth. This truly is what is held in high regard, (and) what is strong! But we shall go in there
by means of lowly types and forms of weakness. They are lowly indeed when compared with
the perfect glory. There is glory which surpasses glory. There is power which surpasses
power. Therefore, the perfect things have opened to us, together with the hidden things of
truth. The holies of the holies were revealed, and the bridal chamber invited us in.
As long as it is hidden, wickedness is indeed ineffectual, but it has not been removed
from the midst of the seed of the Holy Spirit. They are slaves of evil. But when it is
revealed, then the perfect light will flow out on every one. And all those who are in it will
receive the chrism. Then the slaves will be free and the captives ransomed. "Every plant
which my father who is in heaven has not planted will be plucked out." (Mt 15:13) Those
who are separated will unite [...] and will be filled. Every one who will enter the bridal
chamber will kindle the light, for [...] just as in the marriages which are [...] happen at night.
That fire [...] only at night, and is put out. But the mysteries of that marriage are perfected
rather in the day and the light. Neither that day nor its light ever sets. If anyone becomes a
son of the bridal chamber, he will receive the light. If anyone does not receive it while he is
here, he will not be able to receive it in the other place. He who will receive that light will
not be seen, nor can he be detained. And none shall be able to torment a person
like this, even while he dwells in the world. And again when he leaves the world, he has
already received the truth in the images. The world has become the Aeon (eternal realm),
for the Aeon is fullness for him. This is the way it is: it is revealed to him alone, not hidden in
the darkness and the night, but hidden in a perfect day and a holy light.